250px-2007 Toyota Camry Sportivo 01

The Toyota Camry is a mid-size car, formerly a compact car, manufactured by Toyota since 1980. The name "Camry" is an Anglicized phonetic transcription of the Japanese word kanmuri (冠, かんむり), meaning "crown".[1] This follows Toyota's naming tradition of using the crown name for primary models starting with the Toyota Crown in 1955, continuing with the Toyota Corona and Corolla; the Latin words for "crown" and "small crown", respectively.[2] "Camry" is also an anagram for "my car".[3]

In the United States, the Camry has been regularly the best selling car for the last decade, but has been outsold in some years. The Camry also sells very well in Australia, Canada, and a number of Asian markets—in particular Cambodia where the vast majority of cars are Camrys.[4] Due to their comfort-tuned suspensions, most models of the Camry are regarded as less sporty than rival vehicles,[5] with the exception of sports-oriented versions.[5] Despite its international success, it has not sold as well in Europe, where sales ended in 2004,[6] and the Avensis became the flagship model in 2002.[7]

For the East and Southeast Asian markets, high specification Camry models are seen as executive cars. Since the 2001 model, the Camrys sold in these markets have sported revised front- and rear-end treatment. For the 2006 onwards versions, the same was done, although the Australian-designed Toyota Aurion which is based on the 2006 Camry was the donor model. The Aurion features revised front- and rear-end styling and changes to the interior, but is fitted with the same powertrains.

Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1980-present
Predecessor Toyota Corona
Body Style(s) Narrow-body: compact (1980-1998)

Wide-body: mid-size (1991-present)


Toyota launched the Celica Camry, a four-door version of the Celica in 1980 for the Japanese domestic market. The Celica Camry was essentially a second generation Toyota Carina with styling revised to resemble the front-end of the 1978 Toyota Celica XX, known as the Celica Supra in export markets. Further information: Toyota Celica CamryCamry became an independent model line in 1982 with the V10 series, available in four-door sedan and five-door hatchback body styles. At this point, Camry was positioned above the Carina and Corona, two other similar-sized models made by Toyota at the time. The Camry (V10) also spawned a badge engineered equivalent, the Toyota Vista (V10), a more luxurious version of the Camry.

The Camry (V20) model debuted in 1986, following much the same formula as its predecessor. Although the hatchback body variant was substituted with a station wagon, the Vista derivative continued. When Toyota replaced the V20 in 1990 with the V30, the model series was exclusive to Japan. Automotive tax regulations in that country dictated the retention of a narrower body as utilized in the previous Camry generations. However, overseas demand for a larger Camry resulted in the development of a "wide-body" XV10 model, introduced to North America in 1991.[8] Japan also received this wider model, although it was sold under the "Toyota Scepter" name there.[9]

The Japanese market received a new narrow-body V40 series Camry in 1994 to replace V30, yet the wide-body XV10 Camry continued unchanged. The XV10 replacement, the XV20 Camry, arrived in 1996. This new model ceased the era of separate Camrys—a global Camry—and a smaller Japanese-only version. In Japan, the smaller Vista (V50) took up the former V40 Camry role from 1998.

[edit] V10 (1982–1986)Edit

Also called Toyota Vista (V10)
Production 1982–1986
Model year(s) 1983–1986
Assembly Toyota City, Japan
Body style(s) 4-door sedan

5-door hatchback

Layout FF layout
Engine(s) 1.8 L 1S-L I4

1.8 L 1C-TL(C) I4 2.0 L 2S-ELC I4 2.0 L 2C-TLC turbodiesel I4

Transmission(s) 5-speed manual

4-speed A140E automatic

Wheelbase 2,600 mm (100 in)
Length 4,440 mm (175 in)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height 1,395 mm (54.9 in)
Curb weight 1,045 kg (2,300 lb)

Introduced in 1982, the Camry V10 was sold as a compact four-door sedan and five-door hatchback. There were limited exports, predominantly to right-hand-drive markets. In the Toyota hierarchy, the Camry was situated above the comparably sized Toyota Carina and Corona. A twin was announced at this point: the Toyota Vista.

The design of the first generation Camry fit well within the box-shaped trends of the early 1980s. Additionally, the vehicle size and available options were characteristic of Japanese-designed cars of the time; the Camry was a compact sedan, with a solid but spartan construction and competed indirectly against larger American counterparts. [2][3]1986 Toyota Camry hatchbackIn North America, the Camry was available with a 68 kW (91 hp) SAE 2.0 litre 2S-ELC engine, 1.8 litre 1C-TLC or a 55 kW (74 hp) 2.0 litre 2C-TLC turbodiesel engine. Either a four-door sedan or five-door hatchback body style could be specified, and could be purchased with either a five-speed manual transmission or a four-speed A140E automatic. In contrast to the rear-wheel drive Celica Camry, the Toyota Camry was a front-wheel drive vehicle built on an all-new platform.

North American-bound V10 Camrys were available in DX and LE trim levels. LE models included additional standard features such as body colored bumpers, tachometer, upgraded stereo, power mirrors, variable intermittent wipers, et cetera. Minor model update in 1985 included new headlights, tailight update, new gauge fonts, slightly larger front seats, and larger center glove box . The cruise control switchgear on models equipped as such were relocated from the dash to the wiper stalk. DX trim tire size also increased from 165 mm to 185 mm, same size as the LE trim.

In Australia, the Camry range was limited to a single-grade GLi hatchback variant. The sole powertrain offered was the petrol-fueled 2.0 litre coupled with a four-speed automatic transmission. The United Kingdom, and much of Continental Europe got the sedan and hatchback versions: these were available in 1.8 litre GLi or 2.0 litre GLi trim levels. A 2.0 litre GLD turbodiesel was also offered, but this is rare nowadays.

[edit] V20 (1986–1990)Edit

Also called Holden Apollo
Production 1986–1990 (Japan)

1986–1991 (North America) 1987–1992 (Australia)

Assembly Georgetown, Kentucky

Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Toyota City, Japan

Body style(s) 4-door sedan

5-door station wagon

Layout Front engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Engine(s) 1.8 L 1S I4 (1987-1989)

2.0 L 3S-FE I4 2.5 L 2VZ-FE V6

Transmission(s) 5-speed S51 manual

5-speed S53 manual (FF I4) 5-speed E52 manual (V6) 5-speed E56F5 manual (F4) 4-speed A140E automatic 4-speed A540E automatic (V6) 4-speed A540H automatic (F4)

Wheelbase 2,600 mm (100 in)
Length 4,520 mm (178 in)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height Sedan: 1,374 mm (54.1 in)

Wagon: 1,384 mm (54.5 in)

Curb weight 1,240 kg (2,700 lb)–1,295 kg (2,850 lb)
Related Lexus ES 250

Toyota Vista (V20)

The second Camry model premiered in 1986, this time including a station wagon while dropping the hatchback body style. At this point, it was still regarded as a compact car. In 1988, an all-wheel drive system dubbed All-Trac was introduced and a 2.5 litre 118 kW (158 hp) JIS V6 engine were added as options for the first time. The V6 was fuel-injected with 24 valves, and dual overhead camshafts, much like the upgraded 96 kW (129 hp) JIS four-cylinder engine. In Japan there was a GT model using the older 3S-GE engine as used on the Celica. This particular model also had a factory strut brace similar to an AE92 Corolla and rode on the V6 model's 15 inch alloy wheels. This particular model also had an electronic instrument cluster. [5][6]1989–1990 Toyota Camry (SV21) CS station wagon (Australia)[7][8]1991–1992 Toyota Camry (SV21) Executive sedan (Australia)[9][10]1992 Toyota Camry (SV21) CSi Limited sedan (Australia)In 1987, Toyota Australia began producing these second generation Camrys in Altona, Victoria, Australia. In fact, it was the first Camry ever made outside of Japan. A 1.8 litre four-cylinder engine rated at 64 kW (86 hp) was standard on the base model, while a twin-cam, multi-valve 2.0 litre straight-four engine and five-speed manual transmission was available on all others. A four-speed overdrive automatic was made optional. All models bar the Ultima had a two-barrel carburettor version of the engine (3S-FC); the Ultima featured an electronic fuel injected (EFI) version of the same (3S-FE). The base engine produced 82 kilowatts (110 hp) and 166 newton metres (122 ft·lbf) of torque, with 88 kilowatts (118 hp) and 171 newton metres (126 ft·lbf) for the EFI version. In 1988, a 2.5 litre V6 was introduced. The V6 sat the very top of the range, and was the only model to be imported from Japan. Due to its positioning in the line-up, and the high import duty it attracted, it was very expensive, and only sold in small numbers. In 1989, the 1.8 litre engine was dropped, and was replaced with the 2.0 litre carburated engine, until early 1991, when the EFI version of was made standard. This was the result of the introduction of more stringent emission standards in Australia.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky, the first wholly owned U.S. Toyota plant, began producing Camrys in 1988, where three trim levels of the second generation Camry were made: the unbadged base model, the DX, and the LE. The country of manufacture can be found by looking at the first character of the VIN. A Camry manufactured in Japan has a VIN starting with "J", a model made in the USA starts with "4" and a model made in Australia starts with "6". The 2.5 litre engine and Camry chassis was repackaged as the upscale Lexus ES 250. The ES 250 was essentially the Japanese-market Camry hardtop. In 1991, anti-lock brakes became optional on the V6, LE, and station wagon models. These second generation models were extremely popular in the United States and it is not at all uncommon to see examples on American roads, even to this day more than two decades after production. The Nissan competitor Stanza was replaced by the Nissan Cefiro in Japan, and the Nissan Altima in North America.

[edit] V30 (1990–1994)Edit

Production 1990–1994
Assembly Toyota City, Japan
Body style(s) 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Engine(s) 1.8 L I4

2.0 L I4 2.2 L I4 (turbodiesel) 2.2 L 5S-FE I4 130 hp 2.0 L V6 3.0 L V6

Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Related Toyota Vista (V30)

[12][13]1992–1994 Toyota Camry.The Camry V30 was introduced exclusively to the Japanese market in July 1990. A widened version of this model, the Camry XV10 was also produced, which was designed for international markets. The V30 was mostly identical to the wider XV10 except for the front- and rear-end styling to an otherwise unchanged body. The V30 remained smaller than the XV10 to offer Japanese buyers a sedan that was within Japanese regulations concerning exterior dimensions and engine displacement. The V30 joined the Toyota Corona in this regard.

For the 1991 model year, a four wheel steering version of the Japanese Camry was sold with a 2.0 L V6 engine, with the name Toyota Camry V6 PROMINENT 4WS, and chassis code E-VZV31.[10]

An updated model appeared in July 1992. The scope of changes ranged from a new, larger grille and a revised air conditioning unit. At the same time the ZX touring package appeared in place of GT.

[edit] V40 (1994–1998)Edit

Production 1994–1998 (JDM)
Assembly Toyota City, Japan
Body style(s) 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Engine(s) 1.8 L I4

2.0 L I4 2.2 L I4 (turbodiesel)

Length 4,625 mm (182.1 in)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1,410 mm (56 in)–1,435 mm (56.5 in)
Related Toyota Vista (V40)

[15][16]1994–1998 Toyota Camry 2.0 Lumière G.The Camry V40 appeared in July 1994 exclusively for the Japanese market. Engines for the V40 were a 1.8 litre (4S-FE type) and 2.0 litre (3S-FE type), and a 2.2 litre turbodiesel (3C-T type). At launch only the 2.0 litre model was available in all-wheel drive mode, although afterwards the 2.2 litre turbodiesel could be optioned with this system.

Toyota updated the V40 in June 1996. In the update anti-lock brakes and dual air bags became standard equipment. After 1998, the Japanese market Camry and international Camry became in-line with each other, with the Toyota Vista taking over the V30 and V40 Camry roles.

[edit] Wide-bodyEdit

[edit] XV10 (1991–1996)Edit

Also called Holden Apollo

Toyota Scepter Toyota Vienta

Production 1991–1996

1993–1997 (Australia)

Model year(s) 1992–1996
Body style(s) 2-door coupé

4-door sedan 5-door station wagon

Main article: Toyota Camry (XV10)[18][19]1991–1994 Toyota Scepter sedan (Japan)Toyota replaced the compact V20 Camry with the Japanese market-only V30 series in 1990. However, international markets such as Australia and North America received a widened version of the V30, known as the XV10 series. While marginally larger than the V20, the V30 had to comply with Japanese tax legislation which restricted the car's width to 1,700 millimetres (67 in) and length to 4,700 millimetres (190 in). Particularly in the United States, this narrower model was seen as compromised, thus limiting its sales potential. As a result, the "wide-body" Camry (XV10) was designed. Introduced to North America in 1991, the XV10 Camry was sold alongside the V30 in Japan, badged as the Toyota Scepter. Toyota chose the name "Scepter" as a reference to the Camry/Crown naming tradition, as a "scepter" is a symbolic ornamental staff held by a ruling monarch, a prominent item of royal regalia.

The smaller V30 Camry varied in other areas besides the size. Although the underpinnings, doors and fenders, and overall basic design cues were common between the two cars, the smaller Camry sported harder, more angular front- and rear-end styling treatment, with the wide-body model presenting a more curvaceous silhouette. This was a departure from the V20 generation Camry which, although had many more rounded panels than the V10 series, was nevertheless generally slab-sided in shape.

The Japanese V30 model was replaced by the Camry V40 in 1994, however, this was also a Japan-only model. International markets instead retained the wider XV10 until it was replaced by the XV20 in 1996. The V40 and XV20 models were sold alongside one another in the Japanese market until 1998. At this time, the Toyota Vista took the place of the V40, ending the period of separate Camrys for the Japanese and international markets.

The Camry/Scepter (XV10) offered a 2.2 litre 5S-FE inline-four engine, up from 2.0 litres in the V20 and V30 Camrys. This unit produced 97 kilowatts (130 hp) of power and 197 newton metres (145 ft·lbf) of torque, although the figures varied slightly depending on the market.[11] Power and displacement increases were also received for the V6 engine. The 3.0 litre 3VZ-FE unit was rated at 138 kilowatts (185 hp) and 264 newton metres (195 ft·lbf).[11] An all-new aluminium 1MZ-FE V6 debuted in North American models from 1994, with other markets soon following, except for Japan which retained the 3VZ-FE V6. Power and torque rose to 140 kilowatts (190 hp) and 275 newton metres (203 ft·lbf), respectively.[11][12]

A two-door Camry coupé was added to compete with the Honda Accord coupé. However, the Camry Coupé was never popular and was dropped in 1997. A two-door Camry would not be reintroduced until 1999, with the Toyota Camry Solara.

In Australia, the V6 engine Camry was badged "Camry Vienta" when launched in 1993, later becoming the Toyota Vienta in 1995.

[edit] XV20 (1996–2001)Edit

Also called Daihatsu Altis

Toyota Vienta

Production 1996–2001
Model year(s) 1997–2001
Body style(s) 4-door sedan

5-door station wagon

Main article: Toyota Camry (XV20)The XV20 series Camry was launched in Japan in December 1996. It continued as a sedan and station wagon (called the Camry Gracia in Japan), though the latter model was not sold in the United States. This generation was launched in the U.S. for the 1997 model year.

In 2000, the sedan models received a mid-model upgrade to the front and rear fascias, but remained otherwise similar to the 1997 to 1999 models.

A coupe was added in 1999, and then a convertible form in 2000. In contrast to the coupe from the XV10 generation Camrys, the new two-door cars were given a separate nameplate Camry Solara, or simply Solara. They were also a significant styling departure from the sedan. The Solara was available in SE and SLE trims, corresponding roughly to the sedan's LE and XLE trims.

In the United States, the Camry SE was dropped and the base model was renamed the CE for the 1997 model year. Both the LE and the XLE trims were carried over from the previous series. All trim levels were available with either the 2.2 L I4 or the 3.0 L V6 engine except the Solara SLE, which was only available with the V6. TRD offered a supercharger kit for 1997-2000 V6 models raising power to 247 hp (184 kW) and 242 lb·ft (328 N·m) of torque.

Power was increased slightly to 133 hp (99 kW) SAE for the 5S-FE 2.2 L I4 and 192 hp (143 kW) SAE for the 1MZ-FE V6. Manual transmissions (model: S51) were only available on the CE trim level, LE V6, and any Solara model.

[edit] XV30 (2001–2006)Edit

Also called Daihatsu Altis
Production 2001–2006
Model year(s) 2002–2006

Main article: Toyota Camry (XV30)In September 2001, the 2002 model year Toyota Camry was released as a larger sedan (taking styling cues from the successful Vitz, Corolla, and Camry Solara), but without a station wagon for the first time. Due to station wagons losing popularity to minivan and crossover SUVs, the Camry wagon was replaced by the Sienna minivan, the Venza crossover, (both in North America only) and the Highlander SUV, which are all the three vehicles utilizing the Camry's platform.

Until the 2003 model year, the Camry Solara remained on the XV20 series chassis, and received only minor styling upgrades to the front and rear ends. However, the Solara did receive the same 2.4-liter 2AZ-FE I4 engine that was available on the Camry sedan.

[edit] XV40 (2006–present)Edit

Also called Daihatsu Altis
Production 2006–present
Model year(s) 2007–present
Body style(s) 4-door sedan
Layout FF layout
Related Toyota Aurion

Main article: Toyota Camry (XV40)[23][24]2010 Toyota Camry XLE (US)[25][26]2010 Toyota Camry Hybrid (US)The XV40 Camry was introduced at the 2006 North American International Auto Show alongside a hybrid version and went on sale in March 2006 for the 2007 model year. Toyota completely redesigned the Camry giving it a sleeker design. Toyota normally begins selling the Camry in September but cut the previous model's lifespan to 4.5 years instead of 5 years.

Power comes from a choice of four and six-cylinder engines.For 2010, power is increased to 169, verses the 158 from 2007 to 2009.Power locks,stability control,and traction control were made standard for 2010 also. The 2.4 L 2AZ-FE I4 engine was carried over and produced 158 horsepower (118 kW). It came with a five-speed manual or five-speed automatic. The 3.5 L 2GR-FE V6 in contrast came with a new six-speed automatic and produces 268 horsepower (200 kW).[13] The Camry was facelifted for the 2010 model year with a redesigned fascia, taillights, and an all-new 2.5-liter 2AR-FE 4-cylinder engine with new 6-speed transmissions.

The XV40 series Camry is the first in which the Camry has been available as a gasoline/electric hybrid. The Camry Hybrid utilizes Toyota’s second generation Hybrid Synergy Drive and a 2AZ-FXE 4-cylinder with 147 horsepower (110 kW) in conjunction with a 40 hp (30 kW) electric motor for a combined output of 187 horsepower (139 kW).[14] The Camry became the third Toyota model sold in America to be offered as a hybrid after the Prius and the Highlander Hybrid.

[edit] SalesEdit

Calendar year US sales Canada sales
2000 422,961[15]
2001 388,512
2002 434,145[16]
2003 413,296
2004 426,990[17]
2005 431,703
2006 448,445[18]
2007 473,108
2008 436,617[19]
2009 356,824[20] 15,524[21]

[edit] MotorsportEdit

[27][28]Toyota Camry NASCARIn 2007, Toyota celebrates it's 50th anniversary in the United States and joins the NASCAR Nextel Cup Series with the Camry. Toyota has been an important part of the U.S. motorsports community for almost 25 years. They've competed and won in different series and on tracks across America. After the accomplishments, Toyota drivers and teams decided to compete against the best in America, that means NASCAR.[22]

In addition, the Camry is one of the most popular vehicles to be used as a drift car for the Tafheet or Hjwalah events (Saudi Arabia Drifting) alongside with the Honda Accord and Hyundai Sonata.

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