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The Lamborghini Murciélago is a high-performance two-door, two-seat sports car produced by Italian automaker Lamborghini. Often referred to as a supercar, it is powered by a recent evolution of the Lamborghini V12 engine, and is the flagship of the automaker's lineup. The Murciélago was introduced as a coupé in 2001 for the 2002 model year, succeeding the famed Diablo supercar in Lamborghini's lineup. The car was the automaker's first new design in eleven years, as well as the first under the ownership of German automaker VW. The Murciélago was styled by Peruvian-born Belgian Luc Donckerwolke, Lamborghini's head of design from 1998 to 2005.[2] A roadster version of the car was introduced in 2004, followed by the updated LP 640 coupé and roadster and LP 650-4 Roadster. The most recent evolution of the model is the LP 670-4 SuperVeloce, a highly tuned version that is expected to be the last iteration of the Murciélago nameplate, before the model is replaced in the early 2012.[3]
Manufacturer Lamborghini
Parenting Company Audi AG
Production

2001-Present


4,000+built

Assembly Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy
Predecessor Lamborghini Diablo
Successor Lamborghini Jota
Class Sports car
Body style(s) 2-door coupé or 2-door roadster
Layout Mid-engine, four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 6.2 L V12 580 PS (427 kW; 572 bhp)

6.5 L V12 640 PS (471 kW; 631 bhp)

Transmission(s) 6-speed manual

6-speed E-gear semi-automatic

Wheelbase 104.9 in (2,664.5 mm)
Length 2002-06: 180.3 in (4,579.6 mm)

2007-present: 181.5 in (4,610.1 mm)

Width 2002-06: 80.5 in (2,044.7 mm)

2007-present: 81.0 in (2,057.4 mm)

Height 44.7 in (1,135.4 mm)

2007-present Roadster: 44.6 in (1,132.8 mm)

Curb weight 1,650 kg (3,638 lb)
Related Lamborghini Reventón
Designer Luc Donckerwolke




==Edit

Name



In a continuation of Lamborghini's tradition of giving its cars names from the world of bullfighting, the Murciélago was named for a fighting bull that survived 28 sword strokes in an 1879 fight against Rafael "El Lagartijo" Molina Sanchez, at the Coso de los califas bullring in Córdoba, Spain. Murciélago fought with such passion and spirit that the matador chose to spare its life, a rare honor. The bull, which came from Joaquin del Val di Navarra's farm, was later presented as a gift to Don Antonio Miura, a noted local breeder; thus began the famed Miura line of fighting bulls, which provided the name for one of Lamborghini's first great cars.

Murciélago is the Spanish name for the bat. The word is pronounced [murθiˈelaɣo], with a voiceless dental fricative [θ] (as in English thing), in the Castilian Spanish spoken in most of Spain. However, the Italian automaker often uses the Southern Spain and Latin American Spanish pronunciation, [murˈsjelaɣo], with an [s] sound.

First generationEdit

[1][2]The 6.2-liter V12 from a first-generation MurciélagoThe Murciélago is a four-wheel drive, mid-engined sports car. Its coupé body is especially low-slung, with its roof rising to just under four feet above the ground. The supercar features scissor doors, which contribute to its exotic image. First-generation Murciélagos, produced between 2001 and 2006, were powered by a 6.2-litre V12 which traces its roots back to the company's beginnings in the 1960s. The rear differential is integrated into the engine unit, and the four-wheel drive features a central viscous coupler. Power was sent to the wheels through a six-speed manual. The Murciélago possesses an independent double-wishbone suspension design, and features a combination of carbon-fiber and steel bodywork. The rear spoiler and the air scoops integrated into the car's shoulders are electromechanically activated, and fold out from the body at high speeds to aid aerodynamic performance and provide additional engine cooling, respectively. [3][4]Lamborghini Murciélago 40th Anniversary EditionThe V12 engine in these cars produced just under 580 PS, or pferdestärke (German: horse strength), a unit of power commonly used in Europe. The engine was capable of powering the car to a speed of 60 mph (97 km/h) in 3.8 seconds.[4] The first-generation cars, equipped with the 6.2-litre V12, were produced between 2001 and 2006, and are known simply as Murciélago. Although subsequent versions of the Murciélago were designated with their engine output in PS, the original cars were not designated "LP 580" in line with the later convention.

The Murciélago Roadster was introduced in 2004 as a 2005 model. A sign on the windshield header advises the driver not to exceed 100 mph (160 km/h) with the cloth top in place.[2] Designer Donckerwolke cited the B-2 stealth bomber, the Wally 118 WallyPower yacht, and architect Santiago Calatrava's Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències in Valencia, Spain as his inspiration for the roadster's revised rear pillars and engine cover.[2]

40th Anniversary EditionEdit

In 2003, Lamborghini celebrated its 40th anniversary by releasing an Anniversary Edition of the Murciélago. In prior decades, the company had released commemorative editions of the Countach and Diablo. The 40th anniversary cars were produced in a limited run of 50 vehicles; enhancements included a limited-edition Blue body color that was labelled "Jade-Green", carbon-fiber exterior detailing, upgraded wheels, a revamped exhaust system, and a numbered plaque displayed inside the rear window. The interior featured a new leather trim and additional electronic features.[5]

LP640Edit

[5][6]A Murciélago LP640 coupe[7][8]A Murciélago LP640 roadsterIn March 2006, Lamborghini presented a new version of its halo car at the Geneva Motor Show; the Murciélago LP640. . The new designation accompanying the car's name indicated the engine's position and orientation within the car (Longitudinale Posteriore, or "Rear Longitudinal"), and referenced the V12 engine's uprated power output; with its displacement increased to 6.5 litres, the engine in the new car made 640 PS (471 kW; 631 hp) at 8000 rpm. The Murciélago's exterior received a minor facelift, with revised front and rear fascias and side air intakes. A new exhaust system is shaped into the rear diffuser, and the left-hand side air intake is enlarged to accommodate the oil cooler. A revised suspension , a launch control system, and an all-wheel drive system round out the performance modifications. A new 6-speed "E-gear" sequential automatic transmission became available as well. The LP640 wears 335/30 tires on its rear wheels. Interior seating was reshaped to provide greater headroom, and an improved stereo system forms part of the updated dashboard. The U.S. MSRP was set at $318,800.[citation needed] Optional equipment included Carbon fibre-reinforced Silicon Carbide (C/SiC) ceramic composite brakes, chrome paddle shifters and a glass engine cover. The 2008 car's estimated fuel economy for the 6-speed manual is 8 miles per US gallon (29 L/100 km; 9.6 mpg-imp) city and 13 miles per US gallon (18 L/100 km; 16 mpg-imp) freeway, making it the least efficient 2008 car for city and highway driving, according to the EPA.[6] [9][10]An LP640 Versace at the Toronto Autoshow in 2008At the 2006 Los Angeles Auto Show, Lamborghini announced that the Murciélago roadster had also been updated to LP640 trim.[7]

LP640 VersaceEdit

The Murciélago LP640 Versace is a special edition of the LP640 that was first revealed at the 2006 Paris Motor Show. The twenty white and black cars feature two-tone black and white trim inside and out, with interiors finished in custom Versace leather, along with a Gianni Versace logo plaque.[8] Lamborghini also presented a black and white LP640 Roadster Versace, again only twenty were produced.[9]

LP 650-4 RoadsterEdit

In 2009, Lamborghini released a limited-run update of the Murciélago Roadster. The LP 650-4's engine is rated at 650 PS (478 kW; 641 hp) and 660 N·m (490 lb·ft), allowing the car to reach 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.4 seconds and achieve a top speed of 330 km/h (210 mph). All cars are painted Grigio Telesto grey with Arancio orange highlights. The color scheme is continued on the interior, which features an asymmetric dash design.[10]

LP 670-4 SuperVeloceEdit

[11][12]A Lamborghini Murciélago LP 670-4 SuperVeloceAt the 2009 Geneva Motor Show, Lamborghini unveiled a new version of the Murciélago, the LP 670-4 SuperVeloce.[11] The SV moniker had previously appeared on the 1995–99 Diablo SV, a highly tuned version of the car that appeared close to the end of the model's production run. [12]

The SuperVeloce's V12 produces 670 PS (493 kW; 661 hp) at 8000 rpm and 660 N·m (490 lb·ft) of torque at 6500 rpm, thanks to improved valve timing and intake system modifications. The car's weight was reduced by 100 kg (220 lb) by swapping several interior parts and exterior panels out for carbon fiber replacements, along with the installation of a new, lighter exhaust system. The LP670-4 SV comes standard with the LP640's optional six-piston caliper, 15-inch carbon-ceramic disc brakes, slowing black 18-inch wheels. In its June 2009 issue, Car and Driver magazine predicted that the LP 670-4 SV was capable of reaching 100 km/h (62 mph) from a standing start in just 3.2 seconds. Lamborghini claims the car can reach 342 km/h (213 mph) with an optional smaller spoiler, or 337 km/h (209 mph) with the standard Aeropack wing.[13]

According to Maurizio Reggiani, head of Lamborghini R&D, the LP 670-4 SV's steering was tuned for high-speed sensitivity. Production of the top-of-the-line Murciélago was limited to 350 cars, priced at $450,000.

In April 2010, Lamborghini released a variant of the LP 670-4 called the SuperVeloce China Limited Edition. The car is distinguished by special exterior markings.[14]

SpecificationsEdit

EnginesEdit

Model Engine Power, Torque@rpm Acceleration (seconds) Top Speed
0-60 mph 0-100 mph 0-150 mph Quarter Mile
Murciélago (2001–2005)

[15]

6.2 L V12 580 PS (427 kW; 572 hp), 649 N·m (479 lb·ft) 3.8 8.6 21.4 12.6@116 mph official: 330 km/h (205 mph)
Murciélago LP 640

[16]

6,496 cc (6.496 L; 396.4 cu in) V12 640 PS (471 kW; 631 hp)@8000rpm, 660 N·m (487 lb·ft)@6000rpm 3.4 7.5
11.4@127 mph official: 340 km/h (211 mph)
Murciélago LP 640 Roadster

[17]

640 PS (471 kW; 631 hp)@8000rpm, 660 N·m (487 lb·ft)@6000rpm 3.4 8.1 16.1 11.8@126 mph (203 km/h) (C&D) official: 330 km/h (205 mph)
Murciélago LP 650-4 Roadster

[18]

650 PS (478 kW; 641 hp), 660 N·m (487 lb·ft) 3.4
official: 330 km/h (205 mph)
Murciélago LP 670-4 SuperVeloce 670 PS (493 kW; 661 hp)@8000rpm, 660 N·m (487 lb·ft)@6500rpm 3.2[19] 6.8
10.9@130.4 (R&T) official: 342 km/h (213 mph),

337 km/h (209 mph) with Aeropack Wing

TransmissionsEdit

Model Standard Optional
Murciélago, Murciélago LP 640, Murciélago LP 640 Roadster, Murciélago LP 650-4 Roadster 6-speed manual 6-speed e-Gear
Murciélago LP 670-4 SuperVeloce 6-speed e-Gear 6-speed manual

Safety RecallEdit

In the United States, Lamborghini is recalling 428 of its 2007–2008 Murciélago coupes and roadsters because welds holding the fuel pump support inside the gas tank could fail as the result of a poor weld. It could lead to a fuel leak and, possible fire.[20] [21]

MotorsportEdit

R-GTEdit

[13][14]Reiter Engineering's Murciélago R-GT, campaigned under the InterProgress Bank Spartak Racing nameThe Lamborghini Murciélago R-GT is a race-only version of the Murciélago, developed jointly with Reiter Engineering and Audi Sport. It has rear-wheel drive unlike the standard Murciélago to comply with the FIA, ACO, and JAF rules. The car retains the standard Murciélago V12, but has air restrictors to manage power. Its acceleration and top speed are highly dependent on the gearing selected for a particular race track.

In December 2006, Reiter Engineering tested an upgraded Murcielago R-GT LM, featuring redesigned body work and a new rear wing with less drag.

In March 2007 in the FIA GT Championship, the All-Inkl.com Racing Murciélago won the Zhuhai 2 Hours.

In April 2009, in an LMS 1000 km de Catalunya race, a Murcielago R-GT of the Russian IPB Spartak Racing Team won the GT1 class, against a Corvette C6-R and a Saleen S7-R. The drivers of the IPB Spartak Racing car were the Russian Roman Rusinov and the Dutch Peter Kox. They crossed the finish line 2 laps ahead of the first Corvette, in 2nd place. Before the race, the Lamborghini set the pole, but was moved to the end of the grid due to some technical irregularities. The second international win for the Ragin Bull GT car.

RG-1 (2004-)Edit

It is a version of R-GT built for Super GT for Japanese Lamborghini Owners Club (JLOC).[22]

In March 2006 at the Super GT Suzuka 500 km, R-GT recorded the first win ever for a Murcielago when they earned a win in the GT300 class.

LP670 R-SVEdit

It is an evolution of R-GT developed by Reiter Engineering to comply with the FIA rules for the new GT1 World Championship.

Related developmentEdit

[15][16]The 2006 Miura Concept was based on a Murciélago chassis===Lamborghini Miura concept=== Main article: Lamborghini Miura#2006 Miura conceptA retro-styled Lamborghini Miura concept car was presented at the Museum of Television & Radio on January 5, 2006 alongside the Los Angeles Auto Show, though it was not present at the show itself. Instead, the Miura concept car officially debuted at the North American International Auto Show two weeks later. It was the first design to be penned by Lamborghini design chief, Walter de'Silva, commemorating the 40th anniversary of the 1966 Geneva introduction of the original Miura.

Lamborghini president and CEO Stefan Winkelmann denied that the concept would mark the Miura's return to production, saying “The Miura was a celebration of our history, but Lamborghini is about the future. Retro design is not what we are here for. So we won’t do the Miura.”[23] [17][18]The rare Lamborghini Reventón=== Lamborghini Reventón=== Main article: Lamborghini ReventónThe Lamborghini Reventón is a slightly modified version of the Murciélago. The car, featuring an upgraded interior and revamped exterior styling inspired by stealth fighters such as the F-22A Raptor, debuted at the 2007 Frankfurt Auto Show.[24] Only 20 units were built. The car's mechanical underpinnings and engine are identical to those of the Murciélago LP640. A roadster version has also been planned for production.

SuccessorEdit

The development of a successor to the Murciélago has been widely speculated in the motoring press, as the supercar approaches the end of its first decade in production. Spy photos published on the internet in January 2010 showed a camouflaged Lamborghini prototype undergoing winter testing.[25] Early rumors suggest the possibility of the name "Jota", a reference to the one-off Miura variant created by Lamborghini test driver Bob Wallace in 1970.

ProductionEdit

Year Units
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006 444
2007 629
2008 637[26]
2009 331[26]
Total
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