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250px-2008 Honda Accord

The Honda Accord (pronounced /əˈkɔrd/; Japanese: ホンダ・アコード) is a series of mid-size automobiles manufactured by Honda since 1976, and sold in the majority of automotive markets throughout the world.

In 1982, the Accord — which has always been manufactured in Sayama, Japan — became the first Japanese car to be produced in the United States when production commenced in Marysville, Ohio at Honda's Marysville Auto Plant. In addition, the Accord is, or has been, produced in Nelson in New Zealand, Swindon in England, Guangzhou in China and Ayutthaya in Thailand. The Accord has achieved considerable success, especially in the United States, where it was the best-selling Japanese car for fifteen years (1982–97), topping its class in sales in 1991 and 2001, with around ten million vehicles sold.[1] Numerous tests, past and present, rate the Accord as one of the world's most reliable vehicles.[2]

Since initiation, Honda has offered several different car body styles and versions of the Accord, and often vehicles marketed under the Accord nameplate concurrently in different regions differ quite substantially. It debuted in 1976 as a compact hatchback, though this style only lasted through the 1980s, as the line-up was expanded to include a sedan, coupé, and wagon. By the Accord's sixth generation in the 1990s, it evolved into an intermediate vehicle, with one basic platform but with different bodies and proportions to increase its competitiveness against its rivals in different international markets. For the current generation of the Accord released for the North American market in 2008, Honda has again chosen to move the model further up-scale and increase its size. This pushed the Accord sedan from the upper limit of what the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines as a mid-size car to just above the lower limit of a full-size car,[3] with the coupe still rated as a mid-size car.

Manufacturer Honda
Production 1976-present
Predecessor Honda 1300
Class Japan and Europe:

Compact car: (1975–1993) Mid-size car: (1993–present) North America: Compact car: (1976–1993) Mid-size car: (1994–2007) (sedan) (1994–present) (coupe) (2010–present) (Crosstour) Full-size car: (2008–present) (sedan)


Concept

Honda chose the name Accord, reflecting "Honda's desire for accord and harmony between people, society and the automobile."[4] The initial design was changed to a fuel efficient, low emission vehicle since it was introduced during the fuel crises of the 1970s. In the United States and Japan, a version was produced using Honda's CVCC technology, meeting emission standards of the 1970s and early 1980s without a catalytic converter.

Like the smaller Honda Civic, the Accord used front-wheel drive and a transverse engine layout.

[edit] First generation (1976–1981)Edit

First generation (SJ/SM)
[1]
Production 1976–1981
Assembly Sayama, Japan
Class Compact
Body style(s) 3-door hatchback4-door sedan
Layout FF layout
Engine(s) 1.6 L EL1 I41.8 L EK1 I4
Transmission(s) 2-speed automatic3-speed automatic

5-speed manual

Wheelbase 93.7 in (2380 mm)
Length 162.0 in (4115 mm)
Curb weight 2,000 lb (907 kg)

[2][3]1979-1981 Honda Accord hatchback (North America)The first generation Honda Accord was launched in 1976 as a three-door hatchback with 68 hp (51 kW), a 93.7-inch (2,380.0 mm) wheelbase, and a weight of about 2,000 pounds. It was larger than the tiny Honda Civic at 162 inches (4,115 mm) long. The Accord sold well, due to its moderate size and great fuel economy. It was the first Japanese small car with features like cloth seats, a tachometer, intermittent wipers, and an AM/FM radio as standard equipment. In 1978 an LX version of the coupe was added which came with air conditioning, digital clock, and power steering. In 1979 a four-door sedan was added to the lineup, and power went to 72 hp (54 kW) when the 1,599 cc (97.6 cu in)[5] EL1 engine was supplemented and in certain markets replaced by the 1,751 cc (106.9 cu in) EK-1 unit. In 1980 the optional two-speed automatic of previous years became a three-speed automatic. Slightly redesigned bumper trim, new grilles and taillamps, and remote mirrors on the 4-door (chrome) and the LX (black plastic) models. The CVCC badges were deleted. In 1981 an SE model was added for the first time, with novio-leather seats and power windows. Base model hatchbacks received the same smaller black plastic remote mirror that the 4-door, LX, and SE 4-door received at the same time. Instrument cluster revised with mostly pictograms, instead of the worded warning lights and gauge markings. Nivorno Beige (code #Y-39) replaced with Oslo Beige (#YR-43). Dark brown was discontinued, as was the bronze metallic. Shifter redesigned to have a stronger spring to prevent unintentional engagement of reverse, instead of the spring-loaded shift knob of the 1976 through 1980 model cars.

The Accord competed with Japanese competitors Toyota Corona, Nissan Stanza, Mazda Capella, and the Mitsubishi Galant.

==[edit] Second generation (1982–1985)==
Second generation (SY/SZ/AC/AD)
[4]
Also called Honda Vigor (Japan)
Production 1982–1985
Assembly Sayama, Saitama, JapanMarysville, Ohio, USA

Nelson, New Zealand

Class Compact
Body style(s) 3-door hatchback4-door sedan
Layout FF layout
Engine(s) 1.6 L EL1 I4 (CAN)1.8 L EK1 I4 ('82,'83 US)

1.8 L ES2 I4 ('84,'85 US) 1.8 L ES3 I4 ('85 US)

Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic

5-speed manual

[5][6]JDM Second Generation, Second Series Four door sedan. Second generation Japanese and European Accords had molded headlights instead of the United States Department of Transportation required glass units used in the U.S.[7][8]Second Generation, Second Series European 'Three door' Honda Accord coupé.Debuting in 1981 in Japan and Europe, and as a 1982 model in North America, in addition to being produced in Japan, this generation of the Accord became the first to be built in the USA, at Honda's plant in Marysville, Ohio. Since its first year in the American market, it also became the best-selling Japanese nameplate in the US, holding that position for about 15 years. In Japan, a sister model called Honda Vigor was launched simultaneously with the new Accord.

Modernizing both the interior and exterior, the second generation Accord was mechanically very similar to the original, using the same 75 hp (56 kW), 1,751 cc (1.751 L; 106.9 cu in) EK1 CVCC engine. Fuel economy increased by nearly 15%. Vastly improved quality control, however, made this one of the most reliable cars on the US market, a position it still holds today. This automobile included popular features of the time such as shag carpet, velour cabin trim and chrome accents. An optional extra on the 1981 Accord was an Electro Gyrocator, the world's first automatic in-car navigation system.[6] Models were available in Silver, Sky Blue, and Beige. The LX hatchback offered a digital clock and slightly higher fuel economy (due to its lighter weight.)

The United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration imposed stringent lighting requirements on U.S. models which prevented Honda from including the aerodynamic molded headlight units which were used on Accords sold outside North America. The U.S. NHTSA required the use of sealed beam glass units to prevent fogging and allow for easy and readily available replacement of units damaged by rocks or other road hazards. U.S. Accords were also required to have a side marker light installed on the side of the rear fenders. German Accords included additional reflectors which were embedded into the rear bumper as well as washer sprayers for front and rear lamps. The Japanese Accords were unique from all other markets in that they included adjustable ride height control and were unique in that their side view mirrors were installed on the mid forward fenders.

In 1983, Honda upgraded the automatic transmission to a four speed, a major improvement over the three speed Hondamatic. The manual, five speed transmission remained unchanged. A 120 mph (190 km/h) speedometer replaced the earlier 85 mph (137 km/h) unit. The Special Edition (SE) featured, novio-leather seating, power windows, power sunroof and locks. Gray was added as a color option.

[edit] Refresh (1984-1985)Edit

By 1984, Accords sold in the eastern U.S. were produced at the new Marysville plant, with quality considered equal to those produced in Japan. In late 1983, for the 1984 model year, the Accord body was restyled with a slightly downward beveled nose; and, the slightly more powerful ES2 1,829 cc (1.829 L; 111.6 cu in) CVCC powerplant was used, bringing 86 bhp (64 kW). The redesign in late 1983 is often called the second series of the second generation. Honda integrated side marker lights into the side of the tail light units which satisfied the D.O.T.'s side marker requirements and ended the difference between cross market tail light configurations. European Accords, however, now included signal lights on the forward fenders, just behind the wheel well. The U.S. Accord still lacked the molded head light units.

The LX offered velour upholstery, auto-reverse cassette stereo, air conditioning, cruise control, power brakes, power steering, power windows & power locks (sedan only), a digital clock, and roof pillar antenna, along with thick black belt moldings, integrated bumpers and flush plastic mock-alloy style wheels covers that resembled the trend-setting Audi 5000. Supplies were tight, as in the Eastern states, the wait was months for a Graphite Gray sedan, a then-popular color. The LX hatchback was the only 1984 version of the Accord to include dual side view mirrors.

The 1984 sedan was available in four exterior colors, Greek White and three metallic options: Columbus Gray, Regency Red (burgundy), and Stratos Blue (steel). The regular hatchback was available in Greek White, Dominican Red, and the metallic Stratos Blue. The '84 LX hatchback came in three metallic colors only: Graphite Gray, Regency Red, and Copper Brown. These models were on U.S. roads well past the turn of the century.

In 1985, the Special Edition returned as the SE-i, capitalizing on the final year of the second generation's production. A fuel-injected, 110 bhp (82 kW) non-cvcc ES3 engine was exclusive to this model. The moniker, SE-i, was adapted from the SE trim, but included the "-i" to signify the higher trim level's fuel-injected engine. This 12-valve, 1,829 cc (1.829 L; 111.6 cu in) engine was the first non-CVCC engine used in an Accord, and was the same basic engine design used by Honda until 1989. Like the previous SE trim in 1983, the SE-i featured novio-leather seating, power moonroof, bronze tinted glass, a premium sound system with cassette, and 13" alloy wheels.

Overseas versions of the Accord and its available options differed from market to market, with Japan generally receiving more options earlier than the rest of the world. In 1981, the Accord offered an adjustable ride height Air suspension in the Japanese market. From 1983 in Japan and 1984 in Europe, the Second Generation Accord was available with Anti-Lock Brakes (Called A.L.B) as an option. This braking system was the first time that an Accord used four wheel disc brakes. Fuel Injection became available in 1984 in the Japanese market with the earlier introduction of the ES3 engine in the SE-i, taking a year to arrive in the North American and European Markets.


[edit] Third generation (1986–1989)Edit

Third generation
[14]
Also called Honda Vigor (Japan)
Production 1986–1989
Assembly Marysville, Ohio, USASayama, Japan

Nelson, New Zealand

Class Compact
Body style(s) 2-door coupe3-door hatchback

4-door sedan 3-door station wagon (Aerodeck)

Layout FF layout
Engine(s) 2.0L 98 hp (73 kW) I42.0L 120 hp (89 kW) I4

1.8L 110 hp (82 kW)

Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic5-speed manual
Wheelbase 102.4 in (2601 mm)
Length Hatchback: 174.8 in (4440 mm)

Sedan & Coupe: 179.7 in (4564 mm) 1988 Coupe: 179.1 in (4549 mm)

Width Hatchback & 1988 Coupe: 66.7 in (1694 mm)

Sedan & 1989 Coupe: 67.4 in (1712 mm)

Height Hatchback & 1986-88 Coupe: 52.6 in (1336 mm)

Sedan: 53.4 in (1356 mm) 1989 Coupe: 52.7 in (1339 mm)

Fuel capacity 15.9 US gallons (60.2 L; 13.2 imp gal)

The third generation Accord was introduced in Japan in 1985, and in Europe and North America in 1986. It had a very striking exterior design, bearing a resemblance to the second and third generation Honda Prelude. One notable feature was the flip-up headlights, which were unusual for a sedan. Sedan models sold on the European market, however, featured fixed headlights and a different taillight cluster design.

The third generation Accord became the first Honda to employ double-wishbones at both the front and rear ends—a layout that spread to the Civic and Prelude in 1988 and the Integra in 1990. While more expensive than competitors' MacPherson strut systems, this setup provided better stability and sharper handling for the vehicle. All have front stabilizer bars and upper models have rear stabilizer as well. Brakes were either large 4-wheel discs with twin-piston calipers (as in the JDM Si model only), smaller 4-wheel discs with single piston calipers, or a front disc/rear drum system. ABS was also available as an option on the 4-wheel disc brake models, though not in North America. Base model Accords rode on 13-inch steel wheels with hubcaps with more expensive models having the option of 14-inch alloy wheels.

The Accord's available engines included the following: In Japan, the A18A, B18A, and B20A. For Europe, the A16A1, A20A2, A20A4, B20A2 and B20A8 were available; whilst in North America there were two engines - the A20A1 and A20A3.

The Accord's trim levels ranged from spartan to luxurious. In the Japanese home market, the Accord was available with a full power package, heated mirrors (optional), a digital instrument cluster (optional), sun roof (optional), cruise control, and climate control (which was also optional). Some North European export models also had heated front seats and head light washers. North American and Australian Accords were not available with most of these options, presumably (and in the USA in particular) because Honda was seen as a builder of economy cars, and not to cannibalize sales from the recently introduced Acura line.

Throughout the different markets, the Accord was available in a range of different body styles, including a 4-door sedan, 4-door sedan with fixed head lights for the European market, a 3-door liftback, and a 3-door "Aerodeck" which resembled the third generation Civic hatchback subcompact and was not sold in US or Canada. A 2-door coupe was added for the 1988 model year, built exclusively in Honda's Marysville, Ohio factory. The vehicles were exported back to Japanese market, where it was known as the US-Coupe CA6.

[edit] Chassis code configurationsEdit

Code CA1 CA2 CA3 CA4 CA5 CA6
Engine type/code 1.8L SOHC I4 (A18A) 1.8L CV DOHC I4 (B18A) 2.0L PGM-FI I4 (B20A) 1.6L SOHC I4 (A16A) 2.0L SOHC/PGM-FI/Carbureted I4 (A20A), 2.0L PGM-FI I4 (B20A) 2.0L PGM-FI I4 (A20A)
Region(s) Japan Japan Japan Southern Europe North America (A20A), Europe (A20A/B20A), Australia (A20A), Japan(A20A) imported to Japan coupe
==[edit] Fourth generation (1990–1993)==
Fourth generation (CB7)
[18]
Production 1990–1993
Assembly Marysville, Ohio, USASayama, Japan

Nelson, New Zealand

Class Compact
Body style(s) 2-door coupe4-door sedan

5-door station wagon

Layout FF layout
Engine(s) 2.2 L F22A I4
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic5-speed manual
Wheelbase 107.1 in (2720 mm)
Length 1990-91 Coupe & Sedan: 184.8 in (4694 mm)

1990 Wagon: 186.0 in (4724 mm) 1992-93 Coupe & Sedan: 185.2 in (4704 mm) 1992-93 Wagon: 186.8 in (4745 mm)

Width 1990-91: 67.9 in (1725 mm)

1992-93 Coupe & Sedan: 67.1 in (1704 mm) 1992-93 Wagon: 67.5 in (1715 mm)

Height 1990-91 Coupe: 53.9 in (1369 mm)

1990-91 Sedan: 54.7 in (1389 mm) 1991 Wagon: 55.1 in (1400 mm) 1992-93 Coupe: 52.2 in (1326 mm) 1992-93 Wagon: 53.2 in (1351 mm) 1992-93 Sedan: 52.8 in (1341 mm)

Curb weight 2,728 lb (1,237 kg)
Fuel capacity 17 US gallons (64.4 L; 14.2 imp gal)
Related Honda Ascot

Honda Ascot Innova Honda Inspire Acura Vigor Rover 600

A larger Honda Accord based on the "CB" chassis was launched in Japan. This generation was the first not to feature a three-door model, and the first one to be exclusively sold by the Honda Clio dealer network in Japan. A sister car, called Honda Ascot, differing only slightly from the JDM Accord sedan, was launched for sale in the Honda Primo stores that also carried previous-generation Accords. On the other hand, the Honda Vigor, previously closely related to the Accord, became a rather different model, fitted with a longitudinally-mounted inline five-cylinder engine.

This more conservative Accord now bore a stronger resemblance to its upscale sibling the second-generation Acura Legend. The Accord had matured into a larger car, now approaching the likes of the midsize Ford Taurus, and gained "midsize" status. [19][20]1990-1991 Honda Accord sedan (North America)This was one of the first US production cars to feature optic reflectors with completely clear lenses on the headlamps replacing the more conventional lens diffused lighting. Unlike most manufacturers moving away from traditional sealed beam lighting, Honda chose to transition to a multi-reflector headlight style while maintaining the use of a glass lens instead of polycarbonate as is most common today.

For this fourth generation Accord, Honda made significant engineering design improvements. All Accords sold in North America came with a completely new all aluminium 2.2 liter 16 valve electronic fuel injected engine standard, replacing the previous 2.0 liter 12-valve model from the past generation. Also noteworthy, all Accords equipped with automatic transmissions used an electronically controlled rear engine mount to reduce low frequency noise and vibration. The mount contained 2 fluid filled chambers separated by a computer controlled valve. At low engine speeds, fluid is routed through the valve damping vibration. Above 850 rpm, fluid is routed around the valve making the engine mount stiffer. [21][22]1993 Honda Accord sedan dashboard (Europe)In the US, the LX-i and SE-i designations were dropped, being replaced with the DX, LX, and EX trim levels. The Canadian Accord trim levels varied slightly from the US models with LX, EX and EX-R roughly corresponding to the American DX, LX, and EX, respectively. Fourth generation EXi Accords sold in Australia and New Zealand offered the same 4-wheel steering technology as was available optionally on the US Honda Prelude. US Accord Coupes were available in the same DX, LX and EX trims as the US Accord Sedan (LX, EX and EX-R in Canada).

A 125 horsepower (93 kW) 4-cylinder engine was offered in the DX and LX models (F22A1), while the 1990 and 1991 EX received a 130 hp (97 kW) version (F22A4). Cruise control was dropped from the DX sedan, with air conditioning remaining a dealer-installed option. The LX kept the same features as the previous generation including air conditioning, power windows, locks, and mirrors. The 90-91 EX added 5 horsepower due to a different exhaust manifold design, slightly larger exhaust piping and a twin outlet muffler. 15 inch machined aluminum-alloy wheels, sunroof, upgraded upholstery, rear stabilizer bar and a high-power 4-speaker stereo cassette were standard on all EX models. Some models though rare were special ordered with an anti-lock braking system (at that time abbreviated as ALB, now all automakers refer to it as ABS). A redesigned manual transmission with hydraulic clutch was standard equipment in all trims while an all-new electronically controlled 4-speed automatic transmission was optional for all models.

Some new dealer-installed accessories were now offered including a single-disc in-dash CD player or trunk mounted 6-disc CD changer, fog lights, security system, rear wing spoiler, trunk lip spoiler, luggage rack, full and half nose mask, center armrest, equalizer, window visors, sunroof visor, car cover, and cockpit cover.

Because of tightening auto safety regulations from the NHTSA, all 1990 and 1991 Accords sold in the United States came equipped with motorized shoulder belts for front passengers to comply with passive restraint mandates. These semi-automatic restraints were a two component system; a motorized shoulder belt along with a non-integrated and manually operated seatbelt. The shoulder belts automatically raced around each window frame encircling both the driver and front seat passenger whenever the front door closed and reversed to release them when opened. The lap belts however, still required manual fastening. [23][24]Honda Accord wagon (US)In 1991 Honda unveiled the Accord Wagon, manufactured at the Marysville, Ohio plant. The Ohio plant exported right-hand drive wagons and coupes to Europe and Japan. European and Japanese vehicles had options not available within the US including automatic climate control systems, powered seats and several other minor features. The Accord Wagons were available only in LX and EX trim in North America or just 2.2i in Japan, they had larger front brakes to compensate for the added weight and unlike other US Accords included a driver's side airbag as standard equipment. Other than a retractible tonneau cover in the rear cargo area and keyless entry on EX models, the wagons were equipped the same as their coupe and sedan counterparts. Honda reintroduced the SE (previously SE-i) model for 1991. It returned mid-term to the lineup without the traditional Honda-Bose high powered audio system but with an AM/FM Stereo Cassette 4x20watt EX audio system; leather-trimmed steering wheel, seats and door panels; a fuel injected 140 hp (104 kW) engine; 4-speed automatic transmission, and ABS as standard equipment. For the first time a manual transmission was not offered in the SE. Two colors were available: Solaris Silver Metallic with Graphite Black interior and Brittany Blue Metallic with Ivory interior. Unlike previous editions, the 1991 SE was not equipped with uniquely styled alloy wheels but instead carried the less distinctive EX model wheels.

The Honda Accord (1991) is actually the second most frequently stolen early model car in the United States, behind the Honda Civic (1995).[7]

[edit] Update (1992–1993)Edit

[25][26]1992–1993 Honda Accord sedan (U.S.)[27][28]1991–1993 Honda Accord EXi sedan (Australia)Accords received a minor facelift for the 1992 model year. The SE trim was dropped again but left behind its 140 hp (104 kW) F22A6 engine for use in the EX model. This engine adds 15 hp over the DX-LX trims and 10 hp over the 90-91 EX trim due to a further revised exhaust system using the same previously used EX-SE twin outlet muffler, a revised air intake tract, a revised camshaft and a revised intake manifold using IAB butterfly valves which open at 4600 rpm to increase air intake breathing at high rpm, similar in design to the 92-96 Prelude Si and VTEC models. For the 1992 and 1993 model years, the awkward motorized shoulder belt system were replaced with a standard driver-side airbag and conventional shoulder/seatbelt arrangement for all but the center rear passenger. Anti-Lock 4-wheel disc brakes became standard on the EX. The front and rear facias received a more rounded and updated look, coupe and sedan models received a new grille, new headlights, clear parking lights, slightly thinner body side molding, updated wheel designs and for the first time the EX coupe used wheels different from the EX sedan. The sedans received restyled shortened taillights with inverted amber turn signal and backup light positions; however, the coupe and wagon taillights still resembled those from the 1990-1991 Accord. The coupe used the new revised inverted positioning of the signal and backup lights but the wagon taillights however remained the same as the 90-91 units. EX trim levels included a radio anti-theft function to deter stereo theft. A front driver's seat armrest was now standard on LX and EX models. Some dealer-installed accessories were dropped including the luggage rack, trunk-lip spoiler and cockpit cover. A gold finish kit was added.

[edit] 10th Anniversary Edition and return of the SE (1993)Edit

In 1993 Honda introduced the 10th Anniversary Edition sedan to commemorate the 10th year of US Accord production. The 10th Anniversary Edition was based on the Accord LX sedan but came equipped with several features not available in the LX trim. The upgrades included ABS, 4 wheel disc brakes, 15" EX coupe six spoke alloy wheels, body colored side moldings, chin spoiler, and standard automatic transmission. Three colors were offered for the 10th Anniversary Edition: Frost White, Granada Black Pearl, and Arcadia Green Pearl. The 10th Anniversary models also included the same premium seat fabric found in EX models. The Frost White and Arcadia Green cars were paired with the same interior color as their LX/EX counterparts, Blue and Ivory, respectively. The Granada Black cars were paired with Gray interior, while the Granada Black EX had Ivory interior.

The SE returned for 1993 as both a sedan and for the first time since the 1989 SE-i as a coupe. The SE sedan featured dual front airbags, the first Accord to do so. An 8-button, 4-speaker Honda-Bose audio system, automatic transmission, leather trim and body colored bumper and body side moldings were standard. The SE coupe included a factory rear wing spoiler which differed slightly in design from the already available dealer installed accessory rear wing spoiler. In Canada, the SE came with heated front seats and heated side view mirrors. Both the sedan and coupe received distinctive 15" alloy wheels as well. All SE sedans in 1991 and 1993 were manufactured in Japan, while all SE coupes were produced in the US. The sedan was available in two colors: Cashmere Silver Metallic and Geneva Green Pearl, both with Ivory interior. The coupe was offered with two colors as well: Cashmere Silver Metallic and Atlantis Blue Pearl, both again with Ivory interior. Sadly, 1993 would be the swan song for the SE as an exclusive, high content, limited edition Accord model. Later generations would use a "Special Edition" designation rather than the previously used "SE" designation. These models were a combination of an Accord LX with several EX features similar to the 1993 10th Anniversary Edition LX.

At the end of the model life of the CB Accord, a "pilarred hardtop" model called the Honda Ascot Innova was launched in Japan, based on the CB Accord chassis, but with a different, much more modern-styled body, taking cues from the 1992 Honda Prelude.

==[edit] Fifth generation (1994–1997)==

[edit] Japanese and North American AccordEdit

Fifth generation Japan and North America (CD)
[29]
Also called Isuzu Aska
Production 1994–1997
Assembly Marysville, Ohio, USASayama, Japan

Nelson, New Zealand

Class Mid-size
Body style(s) 2-door coupe4-door sedan

5-door station wagon

Layout FF layout
Engine(s) 2.2 L F22B1 I4 145 hp (108 kW)2.2 L F22B2 I4 130 hp (97 kW)

2.2 L F22Z2 I4 150 hp (112 kW) 2.7 L C27A V6 170 hp (127 kW) 2.2 L H22A I4 200 hp (CF2 SIR)

Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic

5-speed manual

Wheelbase 106.9 in (2715 mm)
Length 1994-95 Wagon: 187.8 in (4770 mm)

1994-95 Sedan & Coupe: 184.0 in (4674 mm) 1996-97 Coupe & Sedan: 185.6 in (4714 mm) 1996-97 Wagon & V6 Sedan: 188.4 in (4785 mm)

Width 70.1 in (1781 mm)
Height 1994-95 Wagon: 55.9 in (1420 mm)

Coupe: 54.7 in (1389 mm) Sedan: 55.1 in (1400 mm) 1996-97 V6 Sedan: 55.3 in (1405 mm) 1996-97 LX Wagon: 56.0 in (1422 mm) 1996-97 Wagon: 57.4 in (1458 mm)

Curb weight 2,855 lb (1,295 kg)
Fuel capacity 17 US gallons (64.4 L; 14.2 imp gal)
Related Acura CL

Acura TL Acura Vigor Honda Inspire Honda Ascot

In 1994, the Honda Accord was moved to a yet larger "CD" chassis, primarily to better suit the requirements of the North American market. It grew in width but oddly shrunk in length, leaving it classified as a mid-size car in North America. It thus became too wide to fit within the favorable tax bracket in Japan, where its role was to be partially taken over by the smaller second-generation Honda Ascot and Honda Rafaga. The engines offered also exceeded the maximum limit of 2000cc to remain in the favorable tax bracket as well. [30][31]1994 Honda Accord LX Interior (US)DX, LX and EX remained the American trim lines while Canada retained the LX, EX and EX-R. The 5-speed manual remained mostly unchanged, and the 4-speed automatic transmission, noted for its hard shifts, now included Honda's "Grade-Logic" shift program. All Accord models received a more ergonomic interior with standard safety features such as dual airbags and reinforced side-impact beams. Exclusive to the EX was the F22B1 VTEC version of previous generations 2.2-liter 4-cylinder (making 145 hp (108 kW) up from 140 in the previous generation EX), antilock brakes (now an option for the LX), 4-wheel disc brakes, 15" alloy wheels, and a rear stabilizer bar. Leather was an option in the EX trim with leather equipped models now being referred to as EX-L. DX and LX models came equipped similarly to the previous generation and were fitted with a revised version of the previous generations 2.2 liter non-VTEC 4-cylinder engine. This F22B2 engine was rated at130 hp (97 kW) up from 125 in the previous generation. The Accord was again named Motor Trend Import Car of the Year for 1994. The Accord coupe as in the previous generation looked almost exactly like the sedan, and this was the last generation of Accord to offer a wagon variant in America until the introduction of the Accord Crosstour in 2009.

Honda produced a "sport" version of this Accord for the Japanese market, referred to as the Si-R, this Accord which was hard to tell apart exterior wise from a run of the mill EX model, and came equipped with the 200 hp (149 kW) H22A DOHC VTEC engine, similar to the H22A1 engine found in the American market Prelude VTEC of the same era. It came configured with a 5-speed manual transmission as standard or an optional four-speed automatic transmission was available. It came with cloth sport seats styled similar to the Prelude's, and many of the typical power options found on an EX trim Accord. Though being exclusively a Japanese market model, many of these Accords were built in the US at Honda's Marysville Ohio plant but were marked for export only as this particular model was never offered in North America. Unfortunately not much more is known about this particular model as they are very rare and were produced in relatively low numbers.

In 1995, the Accord debuted a V6 engine, the 2.7 L C27 borrowed from the first generation Acura Legend, in the U.S. market. The V6 was offered in both the LX and EX versions of the sedan, LX models being referred to as LX-V6 and EX models as EX-V6. EX-V6 models came equipped similarly to the EX-L with leather seats being the only option in the EX-V6. Addition of the taller C27 engine required substantial alterations to the CD platform, with V6 models sporting a redesigned engine box, taller front fenders, and a different hood than I4 models; however, these differences are difficult to spot without both models parked side-by-side. Both versions of the V6 received a dual-outlet exhaust, a 4-speed automatic transmission, 15" machined alloy wheels on the EX-V6 and 15" steel wheels with full covers on the LX-V6, and a slightly updated front grille. The Accord saw very little other changes in 1995 with the exception of a few different exterior/interior color combinations.

In 1996, the Accord underwent the usual mid-generation facelift. More rounded bumpers, a slightly modified front fascia with new signal lights and rear taillights give the Accord a softer look. All Hondas now complied with the Federal Government's requirement of OBD II engine diagnostics though all three engine choices remained the same. In order to increase the Accord's competitiveness against its rivals in different international markets, Honda CEO Nobuhiko Kawamoto decided on one basic platform for the sixth-generation Accord, but with different bodies and proportions for local markets. In the United States the 1996 model lineup included the 25th Anniversary Edition, a model positioned between the DX and LX.

In 1997, Honda released the "Special Edition" version of the Accord (not to be confused with the SE). It was offered in three colors: Heather Mist Metallic, San Marino Red and Dark Currant Pearl. The Special Edition received a factory installed security system with keyless entry, single-disc CD player, body colored side molding, distinctive alloy wheels and a sunroof. It was offered in an automatic transmission only and was fitted with the same engine as the LX.

In New Zealand, the 5th generation Accord was assembled at Honda's manufacturing site in Nelson and was released in March, 1994. It was available in LXi, EXi and EXi-S trim levels. A facelift was released in December 1995, which coincided with the release of VTEC engines in the upper-spec models. Trim levels were LXi, VTi, and VTi-S.


===[edit] European Accord===
Fifth generation Europe (CE)
[35]
Also called Honda Ascot Innova
Production 1993–1998
Assembly Swindon, England
Class Mid-size
Body style(s) 4-door sedan
Layout FF layout
Related Rover 600

[36][37]1995 European Accord SedanThe launch of the fifth generation also marked the first time Honda marketed a Europe-only Accord model, made in its Swindon factory in the United Kingdom. The European Accord sedan was, however, not related directly to the CD Accords, but rather to the previous CB Accord, as it was a slightly reworked version of the above mentioned Honda Ascot Innova. The Swindon-built Accord sedan was accompanied in European markets by the coupe and Aerodeck estate imported from the US. Concurrently, the British Rover Group, Honda's partner at that time, launched a model called Rover 600, which was developed together with the European Accord sedan and which, under the skin, it closely resembled.


==[edit] Sixth generation (1998–2002)==

For the sixth generation, Honda split the Accord into three separate models, designed for the Japanese, North American, and European markets. However, the wagon was discontinued in North America while the coupe was discontinued in Japan.

[edit] Japanese AccordEdit

Sixth generation Japan
[39]
Production 1997–2002
Assembly Sayama, JapanGuangzhou, China
Class Mid-size
Body style(s) 4-door sedan5-door wagon
Layout FF layout
Related Honda Torneo

The Japanese models became narrower than the previous generation, returning to the favorable "size 5" tax bracket, except for Euro R and wagon, which were classified as size 3. A nearly identical sister car, the Honda Torneo, superseded the Honda Ascot and the Honda Rafaga in Japan. While the wagon was discontinued in North America, Honda developed a Aerodeck version of the JDM model, for sale mainly in Japan.


[edit] Performance ModelsEdit

[edit] Accord/Torneo Euro R (CL1, 2000-)Edit

The Euro R included an H22A engine rated 220 bhp (160 kW), 5-speed manual transmission, Recaro seats, helical-torsen LSD, sports suspension, sports exhaust (including 4-2-1 stainless headers) and titanium gearknob. It was also fitted with a unique factory body kit that included flares and was available in some colours not available to other accords(such as Milano Red).

[edit] Accord SiR-T (CF4, 1998-)Edit

The SiR-T model included a 2.0L F20B engine rated 200 PS (150 kW; 200 hp) (180 PS (130 kW; 180 hp) automatic) and 144.5 lb·ft (196 N·m), 11.0.1 compression, 7800rpm redline just like H-series VTEC engines that from factory are limited to 7800 rpms. The F20B uses a unique blue valve cover. Like all the larger displacement Honda engines, the F20B is mounted with a tilt towards the driver.

The F20B is also qualified as a low emissions engine.

[edit] Accord SiR (CF4, 1998-)Edit

The Accord SiR was based on SiR-T, but used the S-Matic automatic transmission. The engine is rated 180 PS (130 kW; 180 hp) but with better midrange characteristics.

Moving the gear-stick over to the right allows manual selection of 1st, 2nd, 3rd, or 4th gear using up and down shift actions just like the sequential gearboxes used on the JGTC NSX. When a particular gear is selected, that gear stays at all rpm. When pushed against the rev-limiter, the engine will happily bounce against it just like a manual. However the gear ratios for each gear are the same as the normal mode and the transmission still works like a normal automatic transmission in all other operating characteristics.

[edit] Accord Wagon SiR (CH9 FWD 1999-2001, CL2 AWD 2000-2001)Edit

The SiR wagon model included the only 2.3 L VTEC H-series engine in the Honda line-up. H23A engine rated at 200 hp / 190 hp (AWD) and Torque of 162.8 lb•ft @ 5300 rpm, 10.6:1 compression, 7800 rpm redline like other H-series VTEC engines from factory. The H23A uses a unique blue valve cover. Like all the larger displacement Honda engines, the H23A is mounted with a tilt towards the driver.

[edit] North American AccordEdit

Sixth generation North America (CG)
[41]
Also called Guangzhou-Honda HG 7230

Isuzu Aska

Production 1998–2002
Assembly Marysville, Ohio, USASayama, Japan

Ayutthaya, Thailand Nelson, New Zealand (1998 only) Guangzhou, China

Class Mid-size
Body style(s) 4-door sedan (US body, chassis no. CG1/CG5/CG6)2-door coupe (US body, chassis no. CG2/CG3/CG4)
Layout FF layout
Engine(s) 2.0L F20B5 I4 147 hp (110 kW)2.3L F23A1 I4 150 hp (112 kW)

2.3L F23A4 I4 148 hp (110 kW) 2.3L F23A5 I4 135 hp (101 kW) 3.0L J30A1 V6 200 hp (150 kW)

Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic

5-speed manual

Wheelbase Sedan: 106.9 in (2715 mm)

Coupe: 105.1 in (2670 mm)

Length 1998-2000 Sedan: 188.8 in (4796 mm)

2001-02 Sedan: 189.4 in (4811 mm) 1998-2002 Coupe: 186.8 in (4745 mm)

Width 70.3 in (1786 mm)
Height 1998-2002 Sedan: 56.9 in (1445 mm)

1998-2002 V6 Sedan: 57.3 in (1455 mm) 1998-2000 Coupe: 55.1 in (1400 mm) 2001-02 Coupe: 54.9 in (1394 mm) 2001-02 V6 Coupe: 55.3 in (1405 mm)

Curb weight 2,990 lb (1,356 kg)
Fuel capacity 17.1 US gallons (64.7 L; 14.2 imp gal)
Related Acura CL

Acura MDX Acura TL Honda Inspire Honda Odyssey

The American Accord was only available in sedan and coupe form, becoming the largest Accord to date, sharing a platform with the JDM Honda Inspire/Acura TL. While previous generations of the Coupe were considered two-door versions of the sedan, the 1998 Coupe was the first to be given an exclusive front fascia, rear tail lights, wheels, and many other body panels, and was now marketed as a somewhat separate model, the "Accord Coupe", to set it away from the more family-oriented sedan version. It also allowed the Coupe, which was exported to other markets, to fit in more easily with the local Accord versions.[8] [42][43]1998-2000 Accord sedan (US)[44][45]1997–2001 Honda Accord V6 sedan (Australia)For the 1998 model year, the sedan was offered DX, LX, EX, and EX-V6 trims while the Accord Coupe was offered only in LX, EX, and EX-V6 trims. The DX model was fitted with a 2.3L I4 engine rated 135 bhp (101 kW) (from the past generation Accord), while the LX and EX included a 2.3L I4 VTEC engine rated 150 bhp (110 kW). All 4-cylinder models came with a 5-speed manual transmission standard with a 4-speed automatic optional. The DX remained the value-oriented trim with no audio system, manual windows, manual locks, no cruise control, rear drum brakes, and 14" steel wheels. The DX Value-Package added a radio-cassette player, air conditioning, and cruise control; this was known as the Accord DX in Canada where it was the base model of the lineup. The LX trim added power windows, power locks, door courtesy lights and 15" steel wheels; an SE (special edition) package available since 2000 added ABS and 15 inch alloy wheels. The EX trim added a power sunroof, a single-disc radio/CD player, alloy wheels, keyless entry, rear disc brakes, ABS and upgraded cloth. Leather seating was a factory installed option for the EX. All V6 sedan and coupe models received the new 3.0L V6 SOHC VTEC engine rated 200 bhp (150 kW) and 195 lb·ft (264 N·m) (from Acura 3.0 CL). The EX-V6 received standard leather trim, ABS, automatic transmission, and fully automatic climate control. Some dealer-installed options included: Gold finish kit, gold finish exhaust tip(s), gold finish wheel center caps, 6-disc in-dash CD changer, tape deck, fog lights, wing spoiler, alarm system, sunroof visor, car cover and accessory chrome wheels. [46][47]2001-2002 Accord EX coupe (US)In 2001, both the American-market Accord sedan and coupe underwent a minor facelift. A new front fascia, rear bumper, side skirt alteration, new taillights and wheel designs freshened the Accord's look. The interior saw few changes with the exception of some fabric and audio configuration changes. The LX and LX-V6 now included a standard CD player, and the EX 4-cylinder now included a 6-disc in-dash CD changer with cassette player and the EX-6 offered that stereo plus automatic climate control. All V6 models also included a traction control system that could be disabled by a switch, the first Accord to have such a system included. The Special Edition returned to the coupe and sedan models for its final model year, 2002. It included all the features of the LX, but adds exclusive alloy wheels, ABS, keyless entry and a single CD/cassette radio.

Honda made the decision to continue this generation of Accord an extra year. Previously, the Accord ran four years on a single body-style and facelift before being redesigned. The typical Accord generation cycle was a 2:4 trend, with a newly released model running for years 1 and 2 unaltered, then getting a facelift for years 3 and 4 before a major redesign. This generation would run a total of 5 years in a 3:5 trend, with the facelift occurring in year four, and Accord sales remained steady despite the additional year.

Despite the Accord's reputation for reliability, the V6 models were plagued by transmission failures and were even included in class action law suits against the company (4 cylinder models were also affected, but not to the same extent). This caused the Honda Corporation to extend the warranties for the 2000 through 2001 models to 7 years or 109,000 miles (175,000 km). 1998,99 and 02 cars were considered on a case by case basis. Yet no formal recall occurred. In Canada, recall letters were sent out to owners who fell within a certain VIN range, this warranty was later re-extended for some owners to 7 years 11 months in length.

Beginning in 1998, Honda Accord keys were equipped with immobilizer microchips. In 1999, the Accord was given foldable mirrors. In 2002, the Special Edition was added and the DX Value-Package was re-introduced.

The 1998 Accord was also assembled in New Zealand at the very end of overall New Zealand CKD car production (due to changes in tariffs for car importation in that country). 1200 examples of the car (using the mid-sized U.S. sedan bodyshell) were produced before the Honda New Zealand factory was closed (the very first Honda owned factory operation to be closed down), production thereafter being imported from Thailand.

[edit] European AccordEdit

Sixth generation Europe
[48]
Production 1998–2003
Assembly Swindon, England
Class Mid-size
Body style(s) 4-door sedan5-door hatchback
Layout FF layout

[49][50]1998 European Accord SedanThe European Honda Accord, also made in Swindon, became very different from its cousins in terms of styling, and was also shorter than the JDM and American-market Accords. It was available as a sedan and a 5-door hatchback (liftback), with the US-imported Coupe completing the range.

The standard trim (and quality of interior) of the Honda Accord was above the standard of similar cars (Ford Mondeo, Peugeot 406, Vauxhall Vectra etc.) in its class. The basic S came with ABS, alarm, immobiliser, and air-con as standard, with SE giving the option of metallic paint, cruise control, climate control and later, sat-nav. The 1998 - 1999 ES came with everything (except sat-nav still optional) and with a full walnut and leather interior with heated front seats. This was replaced by the SE Executive in late 1999.

The EU version had a minor facelift in 2001 including changed grill, alloys, bumper and both rear and front lights. In 2001 the trim range was expanded with a Type-V; coming fully loaded with leather trim, sat-nav and (normally) tiptronic auto gear-box as standard and the 'Sport' which was as the SE with adjusted styling, spoiler, colour coded side skirt (as opposed to black plastic). [51][52]2001 European Accord Sport Sedan====[edit] Performance Models==== The Accord Type-R (CH1) model was sold in European markets. The 2,156 cc (2.156 L; 131.6 cu in) I4 H22A7 VTEC engine was rated 220 PS (160 kW; 220 hp)@7200rpm and 221 N·m (163 lb·ft) @ 6700rpm.[9] Recaro seats, LSD (Limited Slip Differential) and stiffer suspension came standard. Other engines in this model included a 1.8L F18B VTEC engine rated at 136 hp and a 2L F20B6 VTEC engine rated at 145 hp.

The Type-V model (2001-) included the F23Z5 VTEC engine.

The Type-R, Type-V, and Sport can be recognized by a badge on the front grill and boot lid. The top of the range SE Executive only became identified as such in 2000 with a badge 'SE EXECUTIVE' on the boot lid. Walnut trim interior was also dropped for the SE Executive during the facelift, and a more intuitive Climate Control system added.

==[edit] Seventh generation (2003–2007)==

The seventh generation of the Accord was launched in 2002 (2003 model year in North America), and consists of two separate models; one for the Japanese and European markets, and the other for North America. However, both models are sold in many global markets.

[edit] Japanese and European AccordEdit

Main article: Honda Accord (Japan and Europe seventh generation)[53][54]Seventh generation Japan and EuropeThe European and Japanese Accords were integrated on the previous Japanese Accord's chassis, but with a new body.[citation needed] No longer made in Swindon, those Accords were made in Japan, and came in both saloon and estate form.

This model was sold in certain markets as the "Accord Euro" and in North America as the Acura TSX.

===[edit] North American Accord===

Main article: Honda Accord (North America seventh generation)[55][56]2003-2004 Honda Accord (US)The North American Accord grew in size yet again, becoming a vastly different car than its Japanese and European counterpart. This generation was available in both coupe and sedan forms, and a hybrid model was introduced in 2005. In 2006, it was significantly updated. This generation Accord was the first to use wheels with five lug nuts instead of the traditional four lug nuts on four cylinder models.

This model was also sold in Japan as the Honda Inspire from 2005 to 2008 and in China the model got the name Guangzhou-Honda Accord and was sold from 2003 up to the December 2009.

==[edit] Eighth generation (2008–present)==

[edit] Japanese, Chinese and European AccordEdit

Main article: Honda Accord (Japan and Europe eighth generation)[57][58]2008 Honda Accord (China, Japan and Europe)The updated Honda Accord for the Japanese and European markets went on sale in mid-2008. It is also sold as the Accord Euro in the Australia and New Zealand markets, and as the Acura TSX in North America. It is available as both a sedan and a station wagon. In the People's Republic of China, a version of the sedan is sold as the Spirior. Production started in August 2009 in Wuhan, China.

===[edit] North American Accord===

Main article: Honda Accord (North America eighth generation)[59][60]2008-2010 Honda Accord (US)The North American version of the Accord remains a larger and different styled car than its Japanese and European counterpart. This shape is sold as Honda Inspire in Japan. Larger than the previous model, the sedan is now classified as a full-size car by EPA standards. A coupe version is also available, and also the Crosstour fastback model. In Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Taiwan, India, Thailand and Malaysia, this car is also offered as Honda Accord for local market, with right-hand-drive variation. In China, Guangqi Honda also makes this vehicle with 2.4L, 3.0 and 3.5L engines. The Accord Crosstour will also be made by Guangqi Honda in 2010, and is named as Crosstour.

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